Glasgow developed from a compact rural settlement on the River Clyde to become one of the largest seaports and economic hubs on the globe. Growing from the medieval bishopric and royal burgh, and the later establishment of the University of Glasgow in the 15th century, it grew to be a primary centre of the Scottish Enlightenment in the 18th century. From the 18th century the city’s business additionally grew it into one of Great Britain’s principal hubs of transatlantic trade with North America and the West Indies.
Glasgow developed over the following centuries, the first bridge over the River Clyde at Glasgow was documented from around 1285, providing its name to the Briggait part of the city, forming the focal North-South route over the river via Glasgow Cross. The founding of the University of Glasgow in 1451 and elevation of the bishopric to become the Archdiocese of Glasgow in 1492 offered to increase the town’s religious and educational status, and landed wealth. Its earlier trade was in farming, brewing and fishing, with cured salmon and herring being exported to Europe and the Mediterranean.
The 20th century witnessed both decline and rejuvenation in the city for people and businesses. After World War I, the city was cursed with the impact of the Post-World War I economic slump and from the later Great Depression, this actually also prompted a surge of radical socialism as well as the “Red Clydeside” movement. The city had recovered by the outbreak of World War II and expanded through the post-war boom that lasted through the 1950s. By the 1960s, Britain’s inadequate investment and new technology led to expanding overseas competition from countries like Japan and West Germany which undermined the once pre-eminent situation of several of the city’s industries.